America is Living James Madison’s Nightmare by Jeffrey Rosen

The Founding Fathers designed a government that (they hoped) would resist mob rule. They didn’t anticipate how strong the mob could become through technological advances to spread information and solidify radical positions amongst factions; nor did they anticipate the existence of polarized political parties. James Madison argues in Federalist #10 that a Constitutional Republic can […]

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Factions! We Need to Reread Federalist Paper #10 – The Union as a Safeguard against Domestic Faction and Insurrection – to Survive as a Nation!

In Federalist #10, The Union as a Safeguard against Domestic Faction and Insurrection, James Madison predicted the development of future hostilities between competing factions existing in the new United States of America. His conclusion was NOT that the causes that created the factions could be eliminated, but that the effects resulting from these factions could […]

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The Power of the President to Grant Pardons

Regarding the power of the President to grant pardons – Hamilton argued that such power should be granted to a single executive (the President). This was not an easy position to argue – particularly since pardons were deemed appropriate for individuals who deserve mercy on humanitarian purposes. Such consideration does not seem to be the […]

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The Founding Fathers Got This One Wrong!

The Founding Fathers created the congressional branch of government not only to create laws but to serve in a capacity of “check and balance” on the executive. They vested power in each part of the congressional branch – to balance the need for representation by population and the need to protect the minority. In designing […]

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