In essay #3, John Jay presents arguments concerning dangers from foreign force and influence. He argues that a strong national government would better protect citizens from:
- Hostilities from foreign powers abroad – particularly the maritime powers;
- Regional democratic despotism – from dangers of the like kind as foreign but arising instead from domestic causes.
Jay writes, “one national government could observe the laws of the nation more perfectly and punctually than thirteen separate state governments. A national government,” he says, “is never subject to making treaties based on local circumstance.”
Source: Brittany Nelson and Christopher Higgins (second revision 09/15/2011). Weinbloom, Elizabeth ed. “The Federalist Papers Essay 3 Summary and Analysis”. GradeSaver, 30 December 2011 Web. 14 January 2019.