In Essay #19, a continuation of The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union, James Madison exercises his scholarly talents and employs extensive historical evidence to strengthen his position that having a strong, national government with supreme authority over constituent governments is necessary for the long-term strength and stability of any federal system.
Credit for the summary and analysis is given to Brittany Nelson and Christopher Higgins (second revision 09/15/2011). Weinbloom, Elizabeth ed. “The Federalist Papers Essay 19 Summary and Analysis”. GradeSaver, 30 December 2011 Web. 21 January 2019.