At the conclusion of the adoption of the new Constitution at the Philadelphia convention in the Fall of 1787, the “Great Debate” began. This was a debate between those who advocated ratification (Federalists) and those who opposed ratification (Anti-Federalists) of the new Constitution. The essays written by three individuals in support of ratification are known as the “Federalist Papers.”
Alexander Hamilton, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and major author of the Federalist papers, was the United States’ first secretary of the treasury.
The fourth U.S. president, James Madison believed in a robust yet balanced federal government and is known as the “Father of the Constitution.”
One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, John Jay is known as a writer of The Federalist Papers and for being the nation’s first chief justice of the Supreme Court.