In Essay #38, The Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed, James Madison gets a little hot under the collar and illustrates the incoherence and inconsistency of the opposition’s views. He asserts that the critics don’t even agree on what is wrong with the proposed constitution and have failed to offer any better solution
Madison systematically lays out several different criticisms of the constitution made by the anti-federalists in order to illustrate their incoherence and inconsistency. He asserts that the critics don’t even agree on what is wrong with the proposed constitution and have failed to offer any better solution.
He points out that the Articles of Confederation articulate the need for governance at the Federal level, but do not grant powers to make such governance possible. In his words, Madison criticizes the Articles for “declaring certain powers in the federal government to be absolutely necessary” while “at the same time rendering them absolutely nugatory.” (Love the word, “nugatory!” Typical Madison!)
Credit for the summary and analysis of Essay #38 is given to Brittany Nelson and Christopher Higgins (second revision 09/15/2011). Weinbloom, Elizabeth ed. “The Federalist Papers Essay 38 Summary and Analysis”. GradeSaver, 30 December 2011 Web. 30 January 2019.